Land use investigation, as conducted by the European Environment Agency, is presented as a cartographic product, at a scale of 1:100 000 and it is operationally available for most areas of Europe. Figure 6 illustrates 1 CORINE 2000 Layer for the island of Cyprus.6

Figure 6 CORINE 2000 Layer for the island of Cyprus (source: European Environmental Agency)

Eurostat data in [5] have shown that for Cyprus the main land cover regard woodland, cropland and scrubland, while other minor classes regard grassland, artificial land, base land and water areas and wetland (Fig. 7).




Figure 7 Main land cover by land cover type, 2012 (source: Eurostat).

Figure 8 shows the basic land cover for Paphos district from 1990 until 2010, as from data elaborated by the Remote Sensing and Geo-Environment Lab of the Cyprus University of Technology [6]. The evident change here regards urban expansion that is further discussed in section 3. 3. 7. Although this change in land use does not affect the CLIMA case study directly (the site has been protected since 1980), the other surrounding sites of the Pafos district are clearly under a significant pressure given by the urban development and new construction activities.


Figure 8 Land use in Paphos district for 1990 (left) and 2010 (right).  The class of urban areas is indicated in red, vegetation in green, water bodies in blue while soil is shown in yellow colour.